UN in Kazakhstan
United Nations in Kazakhstan
The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights. The anniversary of the entry into force of the United Nations Charter on 24 October 1945 has been celebrated as United Nations Day since 1948. It has traditionally been marked throughout the world by meetings, discussions and exhibits on the achievements and goals of the Organization.
The Republic of Kazakhstan became a member of the United Nations on 2 March 1992 (GA resolution 46/224). The United Nations system started its country-based operations in Kazakhstan in early 1993 after the conclusion of an agreement between President Nazarbayev and then Secretary-General of the United Nations Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 5 October 1992.
Over the past 19 years, the UN Agencies have provided significant support to Kazakhstan. They supported the drafting of a wide number of strategies, programmes and legislation dealing with macro-economic reform, social issues, improvement of health and environmental management. The most prominent of them is the long-term development strategy Kazakhstan 2030. The UN Agencies also carried out pilots and projects at local level.
Working within the United Nations System every agency has its own area of expertise, focus and mandate. The heads of these agencies form the UN Country Team (UNCT) led by the Resident Coordinator. The UNCT, drawing on the collective strengths of all agencies, funds and programmes, aims to make a strategic contribution to the achievement of national development priorities.
As of today the following UN agencies, programmes and funds are present in Kazakhstan:
Since the Millennium Summit, the work of the United Nations Agencies has been guided by a set of goals derived from the Millennium Declaration, signed by world leaders in New York in September 2000 including President Nazarbayev. Called Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), they set well-defined and measurable targets for states to achieve by the year 2015 to improve the lives of millions of people.
MDGs cover such crucial development areas as poverty reduction, improvement of child and maternal health, gender equality, combating major diseases, enhanced access to primary education and environmental sustainability.
Kazakhstan already achieved some of the MDGs, including on poverty reduction, access to primary education and promotion of women’s rights and the Government has made further commitments under the MDG+ agenda. These comprise expanded targets for those MDGs that have already been achieved in Kazakhstan. However, there are still problems related to other MDGs that require special attention from the Government. These are the MDGs related to health and environment issues. Thus, for example, child and maternal mortality, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis remain very serious. Environmental sustainability is also still a complicated issue.
Work of agencies, programmes and funds at the country level is guided by the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF). UNDAF is a strategic programme document that describes the collective response of the UN system to national development priorities and needs within the framework of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other international development commitments. It is based on five inter-related programming principles: human rights based approach; gender equality; environmental sustainability; results based management and capacity development.
In Kazakhstan UNDAF for 2005-2009 was successfully completed and UNDAF for 2010-2015 has just started. The overall goal of the UNDAF 2010-2015 is to assist Kazakhstan in achieving its national competitiveness agenda with a focus on human development for all. The new programme covers 3 strategic areas of cooperation:
Economic and Social Well-Being for all, with particular attention to vulnerable groups, including women, children, migrants, refugees, youth and aged people, and people with disabilities.
Environmental Sustainability, focused on improved and enhanced government capacities for integrated natural resources management, including the adaptation to and mitigation of climate change, as well as an increase in the capacity of the Government and communities to deal with natural disasters and other emergency situations.
Effective Governance, including deepened institutional capacities, civil society and media empowerment, and stronger attention to human rights.UN System specialized agencies, programmes and funds started its work in Kazakhstan shortly after the country’s accession to the United Nations (March 1992). Working within the United Nations System every agency has its own area of expertise, focus and mandate. The heads of these agencies form the UN Country Team (UNCT) led by the Resident Coordinator. The UNCT, drawing on the collective strengths of all agencies, funds and programmes, aims to make a strategic contribution to the achievement of national development priorities.
GENEVA (16 January 2015) – United Nations Special Rapporteur Maina Kiai will visit Kazakhstan from 19 to 27 January 2015 to assess the enjoyment of the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association in the country. more